Koine Greek Apposition
This site is dedicated to researching various forms of apposition in the New Testament, LXX, early Christian and secular writings. Our focus is the Koine era, but we also look at Attic Greek examples as well.
Study of anarthrous personal proper names that precede and are adjacent to a singular articular noun in the same case and gender. View the scope of the research.
View simple apposition examples of the XNTN construction in the New Testament, with δὲ, and LXX. View all LXX exceptions. Additionally, view all research from the LXX of personal titles with a location.
In secular literature view examples with Double Personal Proper Names (Genitive, Nominative); Simple Apposition Titles (Genitive, Nominative); Simple Apposition with δὲ τοῦ; and Genitive of Relationship Exceptions.
The XNTXN construct is a subset of the XNTN. XNTXN applies when the word after the article in the XNTN is not appositional, in a different case than the article, or with certain participles (such as ἐπικαλέω, λέγω and καλέω). Additionally, the anarthrous word that follows the articular word, does match the case and is appositional.
For example: Ἰησοῦν τὸν λεγόμενον Χριστόν, Κύρου τοῦ Περσῶν βασιλέως, or Σαῦλος δέ ὁ καὶ Παῦλος
Essentially this rule is saying that Κύρου τοῦ Περσῶν βασιλέως has the same force and meaning as Κύρου τοῦ βασιλέως Περσῶν. A participle example, Ἰησοῦν τὸν λεγόμενον Χριστόν is equal to Ἰησοῦν τὸν Χριστόν λεγόμενον.
It appears the reason for the switch is to show that although the articular word is associated with the phrase, it is not necessarily appositional to it.
XNTXN examples from New Testament, LXX, and secular genitives and nominatives.