All XNTN LXX Exceptions

Koine Greek Apposition

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All XNTN LXX Exceptions

This rule in the LXX is not always emphatic and there are exceptions. As is the case in other Koine Greek literature, in the genitive with two proper names it’s not always Simple Apposition and is occasionally a Genitive of Relationship.

This rule is broken nine times in the LXX with Genitives of Relationship, as shown below: Ἐφρὼν τοῦ Σαὰρ τοῦ Χετταίου (Genesis 25:9), Ἀβαίαν θυγατέρα Ἐλιὰβ τοῦ Ἰεσσαί (2 Chronicles 11:18), Ἰεροβοὰμ ὁ τοῦ Ναβὰτ ὁ παῖς Σαλωμὼν τοῦ Δαυὶδ (2 Chronicles 13:6), καὶ τῷ Ὀζιὴλ τῷ τοῦ Ζαχαρίου τῶν υἱῶν Βαναίου τῶν υἱῶν Ἐλεὴλ τοῦ Μανθανίου (2 Chronicles 20:14), Ἰοὺ τοῦ Ἁνανί (2 Chronicles 20:34), Σοφονίαν τὸν τοῦ Χουσὶ υἱὸν Γοδολίου τοῦ Ἀμαρίου τοῦ Ἐζεκίου (Zephaniah 1:1), Ἰησοῦ τοῦ Ἰωσεδὲκ τοῦ ἱερέως τοῦ μεγάλου (Haggai 1:14), Ἰωσίου τοῦ Σοφονίου (Zechariah 6:10), and Ἰησοῦ τοῦ Ἰωσεδὲκ τοῦ ἱερέως τοῦ μεγάλου (Zechariah 6:11).

Additionally, when someone is quoted, the name of the person quoted and the subject of the quote can break the rule, such as Genesis 22:8 εἶπεν δὲ Ἁβραάμ ὁ θεὸς and Genesis 32:9 εἶπεν δὲ Ἰακώβ ὁ θεὸς.

Exceptions seem to be more prevalent when there is no nominative due to the phrase being a title, etc... Daniel 9:1 ἔτους πρώτου ἐπὶ Δαρείου τοῦ Ξέρξου, Isaiah 7:1 καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις Ἀχὰζ τοῦ Ἰωαθὰμ τοῦ υἱοῦ Ὀζίου.

Judges 8:7 appears to have a typo, "καὶ εἶπεν Γεδεών διὰ τοῦτο ἐν τῷ δοῦναι κύριον τὸν Ζεβεὲ καὶ Σελμανὰ ἐν χειρί μου." Since κύριον is the subject, it should be κύριος.

The remainder of exceptions includes:
ᾠδῶν κυρίου τοῦ Δαυὶδ τοῦ βασιλέως (2 Chronicles 7:6), καὶ ἤκουσεν υἱὸς Ἀδὲρ τοῦ βασιλέως Ἀσὰ (2 Chronicles 16:4, 1 Kings 15:20), κύριον τὸν γογγυσμὸν (Exodus 16:8), καὶ ἀπὸ υἱῶν Ἰωαδὰ τοῦ Ἐλισοὺβ τοῦ ἱερέως τοῦ μεγάλου νυμφίου τοῦ Σαναβαλλὰτ τοῦ Ὠρωνίτου (Nehemiah 13:28), and καὶ ἤκουσεν Πασχὼρ υἱὸς Ἐμμὴρ ὁ ἱερεύς καὶ οὗτος ἦν καθεσταμένος ἡγούμενος οἴκου κυρίου τοῦ Ἱερεμίου προφητεύοντος τοὺς λόγους τούτους (Jeremiah 20:1).

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